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2011杭州中考英语试题及答案

2011-08-02    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

IV.完形填空(共15小题,计15分)
通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后在各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。
Ballpoint pens have made life easier for millions of people. At one time (26) did not like their students to( 27) with them. Perhaps it was too easy. Pens can leak (漏) and it is (28) to spill (溢出) the ink. And it is hard to write on thin or cheap paper with them.
Ladislao Biro (29) for a newspaper in Budapest. He spent all day (30 )his desk. Day in and day out, he corrected (31) of thin, cheap paper with a pen and ink. He often had to stop to (32) his pen and it did not write 33 on the thin paper. He and his brother George (34 )some experiments. They wanted a pen that did not leak, with ink that did not spill. Why not 35 a little ball at the end?
Two Englishmen, Henry Martin and Frederick Miles, liked the (36) 。 It was the (37 )of the Second World War. The Air Force (空军) (38 )a non-leak, non-spill pen for the men to write with in (39) 。 Martin and Miles made and (40) many thousands of Biro “writing-sticks” to the Air Force.

26. A. factories B. schools C. chops D. restaurants
27. A. play B. write C. come D. meet
28. A. easy B. hard C. free D. popular
29. A. left B. waited C. looked D. worked
30. A. on B. near C. at D. in
31. A. mistakes B. books C. pages D. diaries
32. A. mend B. fill C. brush D. change
33. A. well B. down C. out D. up
34. A. kept B. finished C. began D. studied
35. A. find B. wear C. grow D. use
36. A. matter B. result C. meaning D. idea
37. A. day B. time C. break D. year
38. A. bought B. took C. needed D. preferred
39. A. planes B. ships C. trains D. buses
40. A. sold B. lent C. moved D. passed
 
V.阅读理解(共15小题,计30分)
阅读下列短文,并做每篇短文后的题目。从四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案。

Mobile phone (手机) has become a problem for middle schools. Some middle schools in Australia have banned ( 禁止) students from carrying mobile phones during school hours.
Mobile phone use among children has become a problem for the school this year. Several children have got mobile phones as Christmas gifts, and more students will want them.
Mary Bluett, an official, said mobile phone use is a distraction(分心的事) to students during school hours and it also gives teachers so much trouble in their classrooms. Teachers were also saying that sometimes students might use phone messages to cheat during exams.
She said some schools had tried to ban mobile phones. Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn’t get in touch with their children.
Many teachers said students should not have mobile phones at school, but if there was a good reason, they could leave their phones at school office. They also said there were many reasons why the students should not have mobile phones at school: they were easy to lose and were a distraction from studies.
Many people say that they understand why parents would want their children to have phones, but they think schools should let the students know when they can use their mobile phones.

41. Some middle schools in Australia have banned students from carrying mobile phones 。
A. because they are students B. when they are free
C. when they are at school D. because they are children

42. We know from the passage that some children get mobile phones from 。
A. the makers and sellers B. the passers-by and strangers
C. their parents and friends D. some mobile phone users

43. What does the underlined word cheat mean in the passage?
A.聊天 B.核对 C.查询 D.作弊

44. Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn‘t during school hours.
A. use their mobile phones
B. leave their mobile phones at school office
C. help the teachers with their work
D. get in touch with their children

45. The passage tells us that 。
A. students shouldn’t have mobile phones at school except for some special reasons
B. it is impossible to ban students from using mobile phone at school
C. some parents felt unhappy because they couldn‘t use their phones at school
D. parents should teach their children how to use mobile phones during school hours

(B)
Fifty years ago not many people would have something repaired in their homes. In those days labour(劳动力) was fairly cheap and most people would have thought it worthwhile to have somebody repair their things unless they were very poor. Today, however, it is quite a different story. Men and women in all walks of life turn their hands to all kinds of jobs round the house. Some people have even successfully built their own houses. These jobs have been made easier today by using prepared materials(预制材料)。
In every High Street throughout Britain nowadays there is at least one “DIY” shop. And “Do-it-yourself” is a booming business. A lot of people visited these shops every day because of the high cost of present-day labour.

46. Fifty years ago if people needed some repairs, they would 。
A. try to mend them by themselves
B. have them repaired, by others
C. repair them in their homes
D. have somebody repair them if they were poor

47. Many jobs have been made easier today because 。
A. some people have successfully built their own houses
B. men and women turn their hands to all kinds of jobs.
C. they can be done by using prepared materials
D. a lot of people are very hard up for money

48. For the passage we know that 。
A. there are many “DIY” shops in Britain
B. not every High Street in Britain has one “DIY” shop
C. people can do nothing without using prepared materials
D. “Do-it-yourself” is a lazy business in cities

49. Why did a lot of people visit “DIY” shops every day?
A. Because people were used to doing things at home.
B. Because the present-day labour was no longer cheap.
C. Because they were interested in such kind of shops.
D. Because they enjoyed the high cost of present-day labour.

50. What is the best title(标题) for this passage?
A. High Streets in Britain B. DIY
C. Present-day Labour D. A Strange Business



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