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为什么每天都很累?身体告诉你需要舒缓压力

2017-07-17    来源:爱语吧    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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July 16, 2017


It’s not just fight or flight: Researchers reveal the SIX responses to stress


导读:生活中处处有压力,人们应对压力的方式多种多样,包括克服情绪、保持冷静、让自己疲劳等等。

Encountering stressful situations can lead to the fight or flight response - a physical response which prepares the body to fight or flee.

But researchers say that the body can respond to stress in other ways - including being overcome with emotion, staying still and frozen, or being fatigued.
 

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Sometimes, the fatigue response is so intense that it leads to taking naps - which can restore a persons’ energy and make them more able to manage their stress.

Dr Curtis Reisinger, a clinical psychologist at Zucker Hillside Hospital, told New York Magazine the ’fight or flight’ response to stress is oversimplified, and that there are other ways that humans have evolved to adapt to stress.

He said that there is also a freeze response, similar to when a deer is stunned by headlights, and flooding - when a person is flooded by emotions.

’And then the other one is what’s called the fawn response, another F,’ said Dr Reisinger.

’The fawn response refers to the inclination to cooperate or submit oneself to one’s threat or captor.

’And then there’s the final F: fatigue.’

Dr Reisinger explained that when someone faces many mental or physical tasks, it uses up glucose in the brain, which provides the brain with energy.

The brain requires large amounts of energy, and taking a nap in response to stressful situations is a way for the body to replenish low levels of glucose in the brain.

However, this type of response to stress is usually seen in children and babies.

Dr Reisinger says that children have limited stress-relief resources, and as such they use sleep a way of managing stress.

With restored energy levels, people are more able to manage their stress and put their challenges into perspective - and the same concept applies to eating candy in response to stress.

不仅是战斗或者逃跑:研究人员揭示了人们对压力的六种反应。

导读:生活中处处有压力,人们应对压力的方式多种多样,包括克服情绪、保持冷静、让自己疲劳等等。

遇到紧张的情况时会使人产生“战斗或是逃跑”的反应——这是人的自然反应,要么迎难而上应对问题,要么逃之夭夭。

但是研究人员表示称,我们的身体还能够用其他方式来对应压力——包括克服情绪、保持冷静、让自己疲劳等等。

有时候,疲劳反应非常强烈,会使人小睡一会儿——这可以恢复一个人的体力,从而更能应付自己的压力。

朱克·希尔赛德医院临床心理学家柯蒂斯·赖辛格博士对《纽约杂志》透露说,面对压力时人们“战斗或是逃跑”的反应太过简单了,而人类已经进化出其他应对压力的方法了。

据他表示,当被情绪淹没时人们还有一种“冻结”反应,跟鹿被灯光或是洪水吓呆了一样。

赖辛格博士表示:“而另一种则是被称为‘小鹿反应’的机制。”

“‘小鹿反应’指的是人们和自己所面临的威胁和危险合作或是妥协。”

“还有就是疲劳反应。”

赖辛格博士解释称,当一个人面临许多心理和生理上的重担时,就会耗尽大脑中的葡萄糖,使其缺少能量。

而大脑需要大量的能量,因此就会在面临巨大压力的情况下小睡一会,从而让身体补充大脑极低的葡萄糖水平。

但是,这种应对压力的方式通常出现在孩子和婴儿身上。

赖辛格博士表示,孩子应对压力的方式很有限,因此他们就用睡觉这种方式来应对自己的压力。

随着大脑中能量水平的恢复,人们就能够更有效地控制自己的压力、并应对挑战——有些人面对压力时喜欢吃糖也是同样的道理。
 



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