__Ò».±¾¿ÎÒªµã¼°Ê¾Àý__

ÔÚÕâÒ»¿ÎÀï, ÎÒÃÇÑ§Ï°¼ä½ÓÒý¾äµÄÓÃ·¨, ±È·½: "ËûËµËû²»À´." He said that he was not coming. µÈµÈ. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÀ´Ìý½ñÌìÕâÒ»¿ÎÀïµÄ¶Ô»°, ÄÚÈÝÊÇËµ¿ÌØÔÚÑ§Ð£Àï¸úÍ¬ÊÂ, Ò²¾ÍÊÇ½ÌÌåÓýµÄ±È¶û, Ì¸µ½ÁËÒ»¸öÑ§ÉúÈ±¿ÎµÄÊÂÇé. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌýÁ½Î»Ó¢ÎÄÀÏÊ¦µÄ·¢ÒôºÍÓïµ÷.

M: Is everyone here today?

F: No, Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: That's strange. We're choosing teams today. He asked if he could be a captain. It's really too bad that he is not here.

F: He and his father came to see me early this morning. His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today. He said that they were going on a trip.

M: How long will Jimmy be out of school?

F: His father didn't say, but he did give the reason for the trip.

M: What is that?

F: Jimmy's grandmother died.

ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÔÙÌýÓ¢ÎÄÀÏÊ¦°Ñ¶Ô»°ÂýÂý¶ùµØÄîÒ»±é.

M: Is everyone here today?

F: No, Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: That's strange. We're choosing teams today. He asked if he could be a captain. It's really too bad that he is not here.

F: He and his father came to see me early this morning. His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today. He said that they were going on a trip.

M: How long will Jimmy be out of school?

F: His father didn't say, but he did give the reason for the trip.

M: What is that?

F: Jimmy's grandmother died.

ÏÂÃæÎÒÇëÓ¢ÎÄÀÏÊ¦°Ñ¶Ô»°ÀïµÄ¼ä½ÓÒý¾äÔÙÄîÒ»±é.

M: He asked if he could be a captain.

F: His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today.

F: He said that they were going on a trip. __¶þ.¼ä½ÓÒý¾ä__

µÚÒ»×éÁ·Ï°ÊÇÓÉ¿ÌØ»òÊÇ±È¶ûËµÒ»¾ä»°, ±È·½¿ÌØËµ: Jimmy Taylor is absent.½Ó×ÅÑ§Éú¾ÍÓÃ¼ä½ÓÒý¾äËµ: Kate said that Jimmy Taylor was absent. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÔÚÒýÊö±ðÈËµÄ»°µÄÊ±ºòÓ¦¸Ã°Ñ»°ÀïµÄÏÖÔÚÊ±Ì¬¶¯´Ê¸Ä³É¹ýÈ¥Ê±Ì¬. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ¿ªÊ¼×÷Á·Ï°, Ñ§Éú×÷¾ä×ÓµÄÊ±ºòÇëÄãÒ²Ò»Æð×÷.

F: Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: Kate said that Jimmy Taylor was absent.

F: Jimmy is excused from school.

M: Kate said that Jimmy was excused from school.

F: Jimmy's grandmother is dead.

M: Kate said that Jimmy's grandmother was dead.

ÏÂÃæÑ§ÉúÒýÊö±È¶ûËµµÄ»°, »¹ÊÇÇëÄã¸ú×Å×÷Á·Ï°.

M: It is strange that Jimmy is absent.

F: Bill said that it was strange that Jimmy was absent.

M: The school is choosing teams.

F: Bill said that the school was choosing teams.

M: Jimmy wants to be a captain.

F: Bill said that Jimmy wanted to be a captain.

M: It is too bad that Jimmy is not in school.

F: Bill said that it was too bad that Jimmy was not in school.

ÏÂÃæÒ»×éÁ·Ï°ÊÇÓÉ¿ÌØ×ÔÎÒ½éÉÜ, ËµÃ÷ËýÊÇÐ¡Ñ§ÈýÄê¼¶½ÌÔ±, ²¢ÇÒÐðÊöËýµÄÈÕ³£¹¤×÷, ±È·½Ëý½ÌÊ²Ã´¿Î³Ì, ËýÔ¤±¸½Ì²Ä, ¸úÑ§ÉúºÍÑ§Éú¼Ò³¤¿ª»áµÈµÈ. Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇ¿ÌØËµÒ»¾ä»°, ±È·½: "ÎÒ½ÌËãÊõ." I teach arithmetic. ÌýÁËÖ®ºó, Äã¾ÍÒýÊö¿ÌØµÄ»°Ëµ:"¿ÌØ¸æËßÎÒËý½ÌËãÊõ."Kate told me that she taught arithmetic.ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÔÚÒýÊö±ðÈËµÄ»°µÄÊ±ºò²»µ«Òª°ÑÏÖÔÚÊ±Ì¬¶¯´Ê¸ÄÎª¹ýÈ¥Ê±Ì¬, ²¢ÇÒÒª°Ñ»°ÀïµÄÖ÷´Ê´Ó "ÎÒ" ¸Ä³É "Ëý". ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ¿ªÊ¼×÷Á·Ï°, Ã¿×÷ÍêÒ»¾ä, ÀÏÊ¦»áÄî³öÕýÈ·´ð°¸ÈÃÄã×÷¸ö±È½Ï.

F: I am an elementary school teacher.

M: Kate told me that she was an elementary school teacher.

F: I am a third grade teacher.

M: Kate told me that she was a third grade teacher.

F: I teach arithmetic.

M: Kate told me that she taught arithmetic.

F: I introduce other subjects as well.

M: Kate told me that she introduced other subjects as well.

F: All my students are eight or nine years old.

M: Kate told me that all her students were eight or nine years old.

F: I prepare for my classes.

M: Kate told me that she prepared for her classes.

F: I have conferences with my students quite often.

M: Kate told me that she had conferences with her students quite often.

F: Sometimes I talk to my students' parents.

M: Kate told me that sometimes she talked to her students' parents.

ÏÂÃæÒ»×éÁ·Ï°ÊÇÒªÇëÄãÒýÊö±È¶ûËµµÄ»°. Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨¸ú¸Õ²Å´óÍ¬Ð¡Òì, Õâ´ÎÊÇÓÉ±È¶û×ÔÎÒ½éÉÜ, ËµÃ÷ËûÄÜ×÷Ê²Ã´, Ô¸ÒâÎªÑ§Éú×÷Ê²Ã´µÈµÈ, ±È·½±È¶û¸æËßÄãËµ: "ÎÒÄÜ½ÌÌåÓý." I can teach physical training. ÄãÌýÁËÖ®ºó¾ÍËµ: "±È¶û¸æËßÎÒËûÄÜ½ÌÌåÓý. "Bill told me that he could teach physical training. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÔÚÒýÊö±È¶ûµÄ»°µÄÊ±ºò±ØÐë°ÑÖú¶¯´Ê can ¸ú will ¸Ä³É could ¸ú would. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ¿ªÊ¼×÷Á·Ï°. Ã¿×÷Ò»¾ä¾ÍÌýÀÏÊ¦ÄîÕýÈ·´ð°¸.

M: I can teach physical training.

F: Bill told me that he could teach physical training.

M: I will teach my students how to play tennis.

F: Bill told me that he would teach his students how to play tennis.

M: I will play volleyball with my students.

F: Bill told me that he would play volleyball with his students.

M: I will take my students swimming.

F: Bill told me that he would take his students swimming.

M: I can teach my classes outdoors.

F: Bill told me that he could teach his classes outdoors.

M: I can enjoy sunshine when I am teaching.

F: Bill told me that he could enjoy sunshine when he was teaching.

M: I will help my students.

F: Bill told me that he would help his students.

M: I can make my students healthy.

F: Bill told me that he could make his students healthy.

¸Õ²ÅÎÒÃÇÒýÊöµÄ¾ä×Ó¶¼ÊÇ³ÂÊö¾ä, ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÑ§Ï°ÔõÃ´ÒýÊöÎÊ¾ä. ±È·½±È¶ûÎÊ¿ÌØ: Is Jimmy coming to school? ÒýÊöÕâ¾ä»°µÄÊ±ºò¾ÍÓ¦¸ÃÕâÃ´Ëµ: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was coming to school. Çë×¢ÒâÒýÊöÎÊ¾äµÄÊ±ºò±ØÐëÓÃif, i-f, if Á¬½ÓÇ°ºóÁ½¾ä»°, ²¢ÇÒ±ØÐë°ÑÎÊ¾ä¸ÄÎª³ÂÊö¾ä. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°, Ñ§Ñ§ÕâÖÖËµ·¨. Á·Ï°µÄÄÚÈÝ¶¼ÊÇ¹ØÓÚ±È¶ûÎÊ¿ÌØ¼ªÃ×À´²»À´ÉÏ¿ÎµÄÊÂÇé. Ã¿×÷ÍêÒ»¸ö¾ä×Ó¾ÍÌýÀÏÊ¦ÄîÕýÈ·´ð°¸.

M: Is Jimmy coming to school?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was coming to school.

M: Is Jimmy absent?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was absent.

M: Is Jimmy excused from class?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was excused from class.

M: Is Jimmy taking a trip?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was taking a trip.

ÏÂÃæÇëÄãÒýÊö¿ÌØÎÊ±È¶ûµÄ»°,ÄÚÈÝ¶¼ÊÇËµµ½¼ªÃ×ÄÜ¹»²»ÄÜ¹»²Î¼ÓÐ£¶ÓÈ¥±ÈÈüµÄÊÂÇé. ÇëÄã»¹ÊÇ¸ú¸Õ²ÅÒ»Ñù×÷Á·Ï°.

F: Can Jimmy still be a captain?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy could still be a captain.

F: Will Jimmy be chosen to be a captain?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy would be chosen to be a captain.

F: Can Jimmy still play in the game?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy could still play in the game.

F: Will Jimmy make it to the game?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy would make it to the game.

¸Õ²ÅÎÒÃÇÑ§Ï°ÁËÔõÃ´ÒýÊöÎÊ¾ä, ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ¼ÌÐøÑ§Ï°. ÔÚÒýÊöÎÊ¾äµÄÊ±ºò³ýÁËÓÃif Á¬½ÓÁ½¾ä»°ÒÔÍâ, Ò²¿ÉÒÔÓÃwhether, w-h-e-t-h-e-r, whether À´´úÌæ. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°,Ñ§Ñ§ÕâÖÖËµ·¨. Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇ±È¶ûÎÊ¿ÌØÒ»Ð©ÓÐ¹ØËýµÄ¹¤×÷µÄÎÊÌâ,¿ÌØ¾ÍÓÃ¼ä½ÓÒý¾äÒýÊö±È¶ûÌá³öµÄÎÊÌâ:±È·½±È¶ûÎÊ¿ÌØ:"ÄãÓÐºÚÈËÑ§ÉúÂð?"Do you have black students? ¿ÌØ¾ÍËµ: "±È¶ûÎÊÎÒ, ÎÒÓÐÃ»ÓÐºÚÈËÑ§Éú." Bill asked me whether I had black students. ±È·½, ±È¶ûÓÖÎÊ¿ÌØ: "ÄãÓÐÆäËûÉÙÊýÃñ×åÑ§ÉúÂð?" Do you have other minority students? ¿ÌØ¾ÍËµ: "±È¶ûÎÊÎÒ: ÎÒÓÐÃ»ÓÐÆäËûÉÙÊýÃñ×åÑ§Éú."Bill asked me whether I had other minority students. ³ýÁËÕâÁ½¸öÎÊÌâÒÔÍâ, ±È¶û»¹ÎÊ¿ÌØÊÇ²»ÊÇ¸úÑ§ÉúÒ»Æð³ÔÖÐ·¹, ÊÇ²»ÊÇ¿´×ÅÑ§ÉúºÃºÃµÄ³Ô·¹, ½Ì²»½ÌÑ§ÉúÑø³ÉÁ¼ºÃÑ§Ï°Ï°¹ßµÈµÈ. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ¿ªÊ¼×÷Á·Ï°. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý±È¶ûÎÊÎÊÌâ, ²¢ÇÒÌæ¿ÌØÒýÊö±È¶ûµÄ»°. Ã¿×÷ÍêÒ»¸ö¾ä×Ó. ¿ÌØ»áÄî³öÕýÈ·´ð°¸ÈÃÄã×÷¸ö±È½Ï, ¿´Äã×÷¶ÔÁËÃ»ÓÐ.

M: Do you give your students a lot of homework?

F: Bill asked me whether I gave my students a lot of homework.

M: Do you meet with your students' parents?

F: Bill asked me whether I met with my students' parents.

M: Do you eat lunch with your students?

F: Bill asked me whether I ate lunch with my students.

M: Do you make sure that your students eat well?

F: Bill asked me whether I made sure that my students ate well.

M: Do you make sure that your students drink milk?

F: Bill asked me whether I made sure that my students drank milk.

M: Do you teach reading,writing and arithmetic?

F: Bill asked me whether I taught reading, writing and arithmetic.

M: Do you have black students?

F: Bill asked me whether I had black students.

M: Do you have other minority students?

F: Bill asked me whether I had other minority students.

M: Do you teach your students to have good study habits?

F: Bill asked me whether I taught my students to have good study habits. __Èý.Ìý¶ÌÎÄ»Ø´ðÎÊÌâ__

ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÀ´×÷½ñÌìÕâÒ»¿ÎµÄÌýÁ¦²âÑé. ½ñÌìÎÒÃÇÒªÌýµÄÎÄÕÂÊÇ½éÉÜ¿ÌØµÄ¹¤×÷. ÎÄÕÂÀïÌáµ½ËýÃ¿Ìì¼¸µãÉÏÏÂ°à, ÔÚÑ§Ð£Àï×÷Ð©Ê²Ã´ÊÂÇé. ÎÄÕÂÀïÐí¶à´Ê»ã¶¼ÊÇÎÒÃÇÒÑ¾Ñ§Ï°¹ýµÄ. ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌýÀÏÊ¦ÄîÕâÆªÎÄÕÂ, µÈÒ»»á¶ùÎÒÃÇÒªÎÊÄã¼¸¸öÎÊÌâ.

Kate is an elementary school teacher. She has a third grade class this year, with children who are eight or nine years old. She has white students, black students and students of other minorities. She teaches reading, writing and arithmetic. Other teachers teach music and physical training. Kate uses reading to introduce history and other subjects to her students. She gives them a lot of work, but she tries to teach them good study habits. She also makes her lessons interesting. Kate usually gets to school at 7:30 in the morning, an hour before classes begin. She uses the extra time to prepare for her classes. Sometimes students and their parents come to school early for conferences with Kate. This is one of the few occasions when Kate can meet with her students' parents, because most of them work when their children are in school. At lunch time Kate usually eats with her students. She wants to make sure that they eat well and drink their milk. After class, Kate corrects the students' homework and prepares for the next day. She usually doesn't get away from the school until nearly 4:30 in the afternoon. She has a long day.

µÈÒ»»á¶ùÎÒÃÇÔÙÇëÓ¢ÎÄÀÏÊ¦ÓÃÂýËÙ¶È°ÑÕûÆªÎÄÕÂÄîÒ»±é. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÏÈÀ´Ìý½ñÌì²âÑéµÄÈý¸öÎÊÌâ.

µÚÒ»¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:

M: What are some of the subjects taught in elementary school?

µÚ¶þ¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:

M: What does Kate do in school?

µÚÈý¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:

M: What hours does Kate work?

ÏÖÔÚÓ¢ÎÄÀÏÊ¦ÓÃÂýËÙ¶È°ÑÎÄÕÂÔÙÄîÒ»±é¸øÄãÌý.

Kate is an elementary school teacher. She has a third grade class this year, with children who are eight or nine years old. She has white students, black students and students of other minorities. She teaches reading, writing and arithmetic. Other teachers teach music and physical training. Kate uses reading to introduce history and other subjects to her students. She gives them a lot of work, but she tries to teach them good study habits. She also makes her lessons interesting. Kate usually gets to school at 7:30 in the morning, an hour before classes begin. She uses the extra time to prepare for her classes. Sometimes students and their parents come to school early for conferences with Kate. This is one of the few occasions when Kate can meet with her students' parents, because most of them work when their children are in school. At lunch time Kate usually eats with her students. She wants to make sure that they eat well and drink their milk. After class, Kate corrects the students' homework and prepares for the next day. She usually doesn't get away from the school until nearly 4:30 in the afternoon. She has a long day.

¸Õ²ÅÄÇÆªÎÄÕÂÏ£ÍûÄã¶¼Ìý¶®ÁË. ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã»Ø´ð¸Õ²ÅÀÏÊ¦Äî¹ýµÄÈý¸öÎÊÌâ, Äã»Ø´ðÖ®ºóÀÏÊ¦»áÄî³öÕýÈ·´ð°¸ÈÃÄã×÷¸ö±È½Ï.

µÚÒ»¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:

M: What are some of the subjects taught in elementary school?

F: Reading, writing, arithmetic, history, music and physical training are taught in elementary school.

µÚ¶þ¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:

M: What does Kate do in school?

F: She prepares for her classes, teaches, has conferences with students, eats lunch with students and corrects students' homework.

µÚÈý¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:

M: What hours does Kate work?

F: She works from 7:30 in the morning to 4:30 in the afternoon.