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大学英语精读第六册 Unit 2

2011-07-26    来源:    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

             Unit Two

Text
    There is something fascinating about reading other people's mail if you are allowed to. Here is your chance to read the letters of American writer Sylvia Plath, which she wrote home to her mother from a hotel where she had a summer job as a waitress. At the time, she was a college student and was still at the start of her writing career. Through the letter we learn of her changing thoughts and moods concerning, boys and writing.

     THE BEGINNING OF A CARREER


                          Sylvia Plath
            The Belmont Hotel, cape Cod
                         June 11, 1952
Dear Mother,
    Your amazing telegram [telegram announcing $500 Mademoiselle prize for "Sunday at the Mintons," which I forwarded] came just as I was scrubbing tables in the shady interior of The Belmont dining room. I was so excited that I screamed and actually threw my arms around the head waitress who no doubt thinks I am rather insane! Anyhow, psychologically, the moment couldn't have been better. I felt tired -- one's first night's sleep in a new place never is peaceful -- and I didn't get much! To top it off, I was the only girl waitress here, and had been scrubbing furniture, washing dishes and silver, lifting tables, etc. since 8 a.m. Also, I just learned since I am completely inexperienced, I am not going to be working in the main dining room, but in the "side hall" where the managers and top hotel brass eat. So, tips will no doubt net much less during the summer and the company be less interesting. So I was beginning to worry about money when your telegram came. God! To think "Sunday at the Mintons" is one of two prize stories to be put in a big national slick! Frankly, I can't believe it!
    The first thing I though of was: Mother can keep her intersession money and buy some pretty clothes and a special trip or something! At least I get a winter coat and extra special suit out of the Mintons. I think the prize is $500!
    ME! Of all people!…
    So it's really looking up around here, now that I don't have to be scared stiff about money … Oh, I say, even if my feet kill me after this first week, and I drop 20 trays, I will have the beach, boys to bring me beer, sun, and young gay companions. What a life.
    Love, your crazy old daughter.

                               Sivvy

                         June 12. 1952
    No doubt after I catch up on sleep, and learn to balance trays high on my left hand, I'll feel much happier. As it is now, I feel stuck in the midst of a lot of loud, brassy Irish Catholics, and the only way I can jolly myself is to say, "Oh, well, it's only for a summer, and I can maybe write about them all." At least I've got a new name for my next protagonist -- Marley, a gabby girl who knows her way around but good. The ration of boys to girls has gotten less and less, so I'll be lucky if I get tagged by the youngest kid here. Lots of the girls are really wise, drinking flirts. As for me, being the conservative, quiet, gracious type, I don't stand much chance of dating some of the cutest ones … If I can only get "in" as a pal with these girls, and never for a minute let them know I'm the gentle intellectual type, it'll be O.K.
    As for the Mlle news, I don't think it's really sunk in yet. I felt sure they made a mistake, or that you'd made it up to cheer me. The big advantage will be that I won't have to worry about earning barely $300 this summer. I would really have been sick otherwise. I can't wait till August when I can go casually down to the drug store and pick up a slick copy of Mlle, flip to the index, and see ME, one of two college girls in the U.S.!
    Really, when I think of how I started it over spring vacation, polished it at school, and sat up till midnight in the Haven House kitchen typing it amidst noise and chatter, I can't get over how the story soared to were it did…
    I get great pleasure out of sharing it [her feeling about the story] with you, who really understand how terribly much it means as a tangible testimony that I have got a germ of writing ability. The only thing, I probably won't have a chance to win Mlle again, so I'll try for a guest editorship maybe next or my senior year, and set my sights for the Atlantic. God, I'm glad I can talk about it with you -- probably you're the only outlet that I'll have that won't get tired of my talking about writing …
    Speaking again of Henry and Liz, it was a step for me to a story where the protagonist isn't always ME, and proved that I am beginning to use imagination to transform the actual incident. I was scared that would never happen, but I think it's an indication that my perspective is broadening.
   Sometime I think -- heck, I don't know why I didn't stay home all summer, writing, doing physical science, and having a small part-time job. I could "afford" to now, but it doesn't do much good to yearn about that, I guess. Although it would have been nice. Oh well, I'll cheer up. I love you.
                   Your own Sivvy

                        June 15, 1952

Dear Mother.
    … Do write me letters, Mommy, because I am in a very dangerous of feeling sorry for myself … Just at present, life is awful. Mademoiselle seems quite unreal, and I am exhausted, scared, incompetent, unenergetic and generally low is spirits … Working in side hall puts me part, and I feel completely uprooted and clumsy. The more I see the main hall girls expertly getting special dishes, fixing shaved ice and fruit, etc., the more I get an inferiority complex and feel that each day in side hall leaves me further behind … But as tempted as I am to be a coward and escape by crawling back home, I have resolved to give it a good month's trial -- till July 10 … Don't worry about me, but do send me little pellets of advice now and then.

                        June 24, 1952
    … Last night I went on a "gang" birthday party at the "Sand Bar" where we sang and talked for a few hours. There were about forty of us kids from the hotel. I managed by some magic to get myself seated next to a fellow in his first year at Harvard Law -- and he was just a dear … The best part was when we came back. It was a beautiful clear starry night, and Clark went in to get me two of his sweaters to wear because it was cold, and brought out a book of T.S. Eliot's poems. So we sat on a bench where I could just barely read the print, and he put his head in my lap and I read aloud to him for a wile. Most nice. The only thing is I am so inclined to get fond of someone who will do things with me like that -- always inclined to be too metaphysical and serious conversationally -- that's my main trouble … So glad to hear the check from Mlle is real. I hardly could believe it. Just now I am mentally so disorganized that I can't retain knowledge or think at all. The work is still new enough to be tiring, what with three changes a day into uniforms, and I am so preoccupied by mechanics of living and people that I can't yet organize and assimilate all the chaos of experience pouring in on me. In spite of everything, I still have my good old sense of humor and manage to laugh a good deal of the time … I'll make the best of whatever comes my way.

                     Much love to you,
                                 Sivvy

          New Words
    mademoiselle
n.  French title equivalent to Miss, abbr. Mlle

    shady
a. full of or providing shad; dark

    interior
n. the inner part of sth; inside

    insane
a.  seriously ill in the mind; mad
    anyhow
ad. in any case; anyway

    brass
n.  (sl.) high officials, executives, etc.

    net
vt. gain as profit 净赚

    slick
n.  a popular magazine printed on heavy, glassy paper(用油光纸印制的)通俗杂志
 
    frankly
ad. in an open, honest and straightforward way

    frank
a.

    intersession
n.  a period between two academic terms, sometime utilized for brief concentrated courses

    beer
n.  a bitter alcoholic drink made from grain 啤酒

    companion
n.  one who is often with another person; friend 同伴

    brassy
a.  loud and daring in a tasteless manner

    jolly
vt. make (sb.) feel good or agreeable, esp. to gain and end

    protagonist
n.  the chief character in a play or novel

    gabby
a.  very talkative

    ratio
n.  the relationship in number, quantity or size between two different things 比率

    tag
vt. follow closely

    flirt
n.  a person who behaves with a member of the opposite sex in a way that attracts interest and attention

    gracious
a.  very well-mannered and pleasant

    cute
a.  sharp-witted, clever, charmingly attractive

    pal
n.  (infml) friend

    flip
vi. turn over quickly

    index
n.  an alphabetical list of the names and subjects in a printed work 索引

    polish
vt. improve; perfect 润色

    soar
vi. fly high into the air; rise beyond what is common and ordinary

    tangible
a.  real; clear or definite enough to be easily seen, felt or noticed
 
    testimony
n.  proof; evidence

    germ
n.  the beginning of anything; origin 萌芽,起源

    editorship
n.  the position of an editor

    senior
a.  of the final year at high school or college
n.  student in the senior class

    outlet
n.  a way of releasing sth.

    perspective
n.  view; outlook; way of thinking about things 观点,看法

    broaden
v.  make or become broader

    heck
int. (used mainly as a mild curse) hell

    yearn
vi. have a strong desire; long

    uproot
vt. tear up by the roots

    inferiority
n.  the state or condition of being not good or less good in quality or value

    inferiority complex
    an abnormal feeling not as good as other people, sometimes resulting in avoidance of others or overly aggressive behavior 自卑情结

    inferior
a.

    coward
n.  a person who is afraid to face danger, pain or hardship

    pellet
n.  a little ball or similarly shaped object; piece

    gang
n.  a group of friends who frequently meet

    starry
a.  filled with stars that are visible

    sweater
n.  a warm knitted piece of clothing, which covers the upper part of one's body and arms 毛线衫,厚运动衫

    fond
a.  having a great liking or love for sb. or sth.

    metaphysical
a.  highly abstract; philosophical 高度抽象的,哲理的

    disorganized
a.  in a confused state; badly planned or managed

    preoccupy
vt. fill the thoughts of sb. almost completely, esp. so that not enough attention is given to other things

    mechanics
n.  the way in which sth. works or is done

    mechanics of living
    simple routine matters of life

    assimilate
vt. take into the body and digest; understand completely and be able to use properly

    chaos
n.  a state of complete and thorough disorder and confusion

         Phrases & Expressions
  no doubt
  without doubt; certainly

  to top it off
  (usu. introducing sth. undesirable) in addition to everything else

  be stuck in
  be unable to escape from (a disadvantageous position)

  know one's way around/ about
  understand how things happen in the world; be experienced in the way of the world

  as for
  in regard to; speaking of; concerning

  sink in
  get a firm place in the mind; become fully understood

  get over
  believe; learn to live with the shock of (sth. Very surprising or shocking)

  set one's sight for
  aim for, wish to get or win

  cheer up
  become hopeful, joyous or glad; stop being sad or discouraged

  at present
  at this time; now

  what with
  as a result of (used to introduce the reasons for a particular situation, esp. an undesirable one)

  be preoccupied by/with
  have the mind fixed on sth., esp. sth. worrying so that no attention is paid to anything else

  make the best of
  do as well as one can with

  come one's way
  happen to one

             Proper Names
  Sylvia Plath
  西尔维亚.普拉斯

  Belmont
  贝尔蒙特

  Cape Cod
  科德角

  Mademoiselle
  《小姐》杂志

  Minton
  明顿

  Marley
  马莉

  the Atlantic
  《大西洋》月刊

  Henry
  亨利

  Liz
  莉兹

  Harvard Law (School)
  哈佛大学法学院

  Clark
  克拉克

  T.S. Eliot
  T.S. 艾略特                   



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